A new research project at the Hohenstein Group aims to develop product- and application-specific reference cleaning processes for high-visibility clothing. Eventually, textile service companies can use the results as a basis to optimize their own methods.
Employees in many industries are protected from possible hazards by wearing high-visibility clothing during their activities. Certain work means that the high-visibility clothing can become contaminated by, for example bitumen, tar or buffer grease, reducing the warning effect of the high-visibility clothing.
In order to ensure that high-visibility clothing maintains its protective function throughout its service life, cleaning methods are required specifically designed to particular products and applications. In particular, contaminations have to be removed, while the textiles are treated as gently as possible.
Currently, no reference processes are available and each textile services provider has to separately determine suitable cleaning conditions.
Cleaning processes currently in use lack the ability to efficiently remove contaminations such as bitumen, tar or buffer grease. Only by application of large amounts of chemicals and washing times, these contaminations can be removed. Intense washing causes damage to the materials and reduces the number of cycle times regarding the leasing of high-visibility clothes.
On average, statistics from textile services providers show that high-visibility clothing has to be withdrawn usually after only 20 cleaning cycles. However, an economically suitable leasing price depends on an average service life of about 25 cycles.
The current research project at the Hohenstein Group focuses on product- and application-specific reference cleaning processes for high-visibility clothing. These washing processes are designed to be gentle to textiles, while removing persistent contaminations such as bitumen from the high-visibility clothing. Laundries will be able to use the results as basic principles and apply them to their individual work in practice.
One key point is to improve the dissolving, emulsification or suspension of oily or greasy contaminations during the washing procedure, because they particularly reduce the service life of high-visibility clothing. Microemulsions and soil release polymers were selected as two approaches in developing novel reference cleaning processes.
Necessary data will be recorded and entered into an evaluation matrix (including retroreflection, weatherproof properties and water and energy consumption) to enable an easy transfer from laboratory to industrial scale. For manufacturers of high-visibility clothing, textile service providers and certification authorities, such an evaluation matrix is a key requirement for integrating the results into their processes.
The reference cleaning process as well as the evaluation matrix allow for the assessment of the entire cleaning procedures. Adaption of parameters in laundries and textile leasing companies will minimise the probability of a premature loss of functionality of the high-visibility clothing. Additionally, results of individual parameter changes can be estimated by use of the developed evaluation matrix.